Zithromax, common uses
Zithromax contains the active ingredient azithromycin, an azalide, a subclass of macrolide antibiotics, for oral administration.
Zithromax is an antibiotic medicine to, in adults, treat bronchitis, certain types of skin infections, strep throat, pneumonia, ear infections, and certain sexually transmitted diseases.
Zithromax helps stop the growth of the bacteria that cause infection. Zithromax gets into infected tissue where it is released slowly over time why Zithromax fights the infection for several days after the last dose is taken.
The recommended dose of azithromycin for the treatment of mild to moderate acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia of mild severity, pharyngitis/tonsillitis (as second-line therapy), and uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections due to the indicated organisms is: 500 mg as a single dose on the first day followed by 250 mg once daily on days 2 through 5.
The recommended dose of azithromycin for the treatment of genital ulcer disease due to Haemophilus ducreyi, non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis due to C. trachomatis is: a single 1000 mg dose of azithromycin.
The recommended dose of azithromycin for the treatment of urethritis and cervicitis due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a single 2000 mg dose of azithromycin.
Azithromycin capsules should be given at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Azithromycin capsules should not be taken with food.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as remembered if it is within an hour or so. If you do not remember until later, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not "double-up" the dose to catch up.
Azithromycin should not be used in patients with pneumonia who are judged to be inappropriate for oral therapy because of moderate to severe illness or risk factors such as any of the following:
Patients with cystic fibrosis; nosocomially acquired infections; known or suspected bacteremia
Patients requiring hospitalization.
Elderly or debilitated patients.
Patients with significant underlying health problems that may compromise their ability to respond to their illness.
Because azithromycin is principally eliminated via the liver, caution should be exercised when azithromycin is administered to patients with impaired hepatic function.
Patients should not take aluminum- and magnesium- containing antacids and azithromycin simultaneously.
Discontinue azithromycin immediately and contact a physician if any signs of an allergic reaction occur.
Azithromycin should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. It is not known whether azithromycin is excreted in human milk. Caution should be exercised when azithromycin is administered to a nursing woman.
Zithromax, possible side effects
Zithromax may cause some side effects that are usually mild to moderate and go away after the treatment is stopped. The most common side effects are nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor.
If overdose of azithromycin is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.
Zithromax, additional information
Keep Zithromax in a tightly closed container and out of reach of children. Store Zithromax at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
Azithromycin is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to azithromycin, erythromycin, or any macrolide antibiotic.
The above information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of Zithromax is safe, appropriate, or effective for you.
Consult your health care professional before you