Ephedrine common uses
Ephedrine is an adrenergic drug whith peripheral effects resembling those of epinephrine and central effects resembling those of the amphetamines.
Ephedrine produces a more sustained action but is less potent than epinephrine. Ephedrine stimulates the heart, elevating the systolic and usually the diastolic blood pressure. Ephedrine produces relaxation of bronchial muscle which is more sustained but less pronounced than that produced by epinephrine. Ephedrine also stimulates the CNS to a greater extent than epinephrine, but its central action is less potent than that of the amphetamines.
Ephedrine is used for the relief of nasal congestion associated with a variety of upper respiratory tract illnesses.
Ephedrine slightly increases the body temperature so that the body burns more calories than usual. The fat burning effect, with the additional intake of caffeine and aspirin, can almost be doubled.
Ephedrine HCL comes as a tablet to take by mouth. The usual adult oral dose is 15 to 30 mg daily or as directed by a physician.
Do not exceed recommended dosage of ephedrine or take for more than 7 days except on the advice of a physician.
The combination of 25 mg ephedrine, 200 mg caffeine and 300 mg aspirin is very suitable to produce a synergetic effect. Those who apply this combination three times daily, approximately 30 minutes prior to a meal, will significantly burn fat.
Ephedrine also has anti catabolic characteristics. Ephedrine is therefore very useful for maintaining the muscle system while dieting.
Furthermore, ephedrine has a mild amphetamine-like effect on the central nervous system (CNS). Ephedrine improves the concentration, vigilance, and the interplay of nerves and muscles. For this purpose, 25-50 mg ephedrine is taken approximately one hour before a workout. The ephedrine will give a boost in energy which during workout can manifest itself in a 5-10% increase in strength. Again, also in this case, the effect can be improved by taking caffeine and aspirin.
If you take several doses per day and miss a dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
Do not use ephedrine if you have a hypersensitivity to pressor amines.
Before the use of ephedrine, consult a physician if you have heart or thyroid diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, glaucoma, difficulty in urination due to an enlargement of the prostate gland or if you are taking any prescription drugs. Do not use ephedrine if you are currently taking or have recently taken MAO inhibitor drugs.
Individuals being hypersensitive or diabetic, or individuals with latent or clinically recognized angle closure glaucoma, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, prostatic hypertrophy, hyperthyroidism, urinary retention should use ephedrine with great causion.
Safety for use in pregnancy and lactation has not been established.
Ephedrine possible side effects
Administration of ephedrine may be followed by headache, restlessness, insomnia, anxiety, tension, tremor, weakness, dizziness, confusion, delirium, hallucinations, pallor, respiratory difficulty, palpitation, precordial pain (occasional), sweating, nausea or vomiting. These effects are usually transient and can be minimized by rest and recumbency.
The elderly (60 years and older) are more likely to have adverse reactions to sympathomimetics. Overdosage of sympathomimetics in this age group may cause hallucinations, convulsions, CNS depression and death.
In case of overdose, call your local poison control center. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services.
Ephedrine additional information
Keep ephedrine in a tightly closed container and out of reach of children. Store ephedrine at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
The above information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of ephedrine is safe, appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your healthcare professional before using ephedrine.
Consult your health care professional before you